LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 9834

Parmelia skultii Hale

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico)
substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse
[th] upper surface: black(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | white(ish)
[th upper surface]: epruinose | pruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 2.0 (high) 4.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | rugulose, finely wrinkled | pseudocyphellate, with pseudocyphellae
[th] lower surface: black(ish)
[th lower surface] specific structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple | furcately branched, furcate, forked
ascomata: absent
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: atranorin | chloroatranorin | consalazinic acid | fumarprotocetraric acid | norstictic acid | protolichesterinic acid | salazinic acid | stictic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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