LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 591

Biatora cuprea (Sommerf.) Fr.

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic
substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified
thallus: compartimentized – areolate, squamulate
[th] upper surface: grey(ish) | white(ish) | white(ish) grey
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.25 (high) 0.95
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | verrucose, warted
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (min) 0.35 (low) 0.6 (high) 1.1 (max) 1.3
ascoma: subsessile, subimmersed, adnate, semi-immersed, emergent | sessile, superficial
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: convex | distinctly convex | strongly convex, hemispherical, (sub-)globose
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: black(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | brown(ish) black | red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown)
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose
[ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: hyaline, colourless | yellow(ish) brown
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
[ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: hyaline, colourless | brown(ish) yellow (ochraceous, ochre) | red(dish) brown (pale: orange brown)
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with acuate axial body towards the apex (= Bacidia-, Buellia-, Ramalina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] shape: elongate-fusiform, ellipsoidal-fusiform | narrowly ellipsoidal
[asp] length [µm]: (min) 10.0 (low) 13.0 (high) 17.5 (max) 20.0
[asp] width [µm]: (min) 3.5 (low) 4.5 (high) 5.2 (max) 6.0
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular | present
[asp] septa: transversely septate
[asp] transversal septa: (median) 1.0 (max) 3.0
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: argopsin
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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