LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 4738

Physconia distorta (With.) J. R. Laundon

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Oceania – Australasia | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Americas – South and Central America | Eurasia – Asia Tropical | Arctic
substrate: bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
[th] upper surface: grey(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | grey(ish) brown
[th upper surface]: pruinose
[th upper surface] pruina: scarce, sparse, fine | dense
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (min) 2.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): contiguous, coherent (throughout the thallus)
[th] lower surface: black(ish)
[th lower surface] specific structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: irregularly branched, irregular
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (min) 5.0
ascoma: sessile, superficial
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: plane, flat, flattened, expanded
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose | pruinose
[ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | grey(ish) brown
[ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: present
[ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: hyaline, colourless
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
[ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] length [µm]: (min) 25.0 (low) 27.0 (high) 38.0
[asp] width [µm]: (low) 13.0 (high) 20.0
[asp] septa: present
[asp] septa: transversely septate
[asp] transversal septa: (median) 1.0
[asp] pigmentation: medium brown, brownish
conidiomata: absent | present
secondary metabolites: absent
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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