LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 2396

Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl.

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Americas – South and Central America | Eurasia – Asia Tropical | Arctic
substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | wood – dead, living | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
[th] upper surface: grey(ish) | white(ish) | green(ish) grey
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent | present
[th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent | present
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (min) 0.5 (low) 1.5 (high) 3.0
[th] lower surface: black(ish)
[th lower surface] specific structures: absent
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (median) 2.0 (max) 4.0
ascoma: subpedicellate, substipitate, subpedunculate, substalked | pedicellate, stipitate, pedunculate, stalked
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] shape: ellipsoidal
[asp] length [µm]: (low) 7.0 (high) 8.0
[asp] width [µm]: (low) 4.5 (high) 5.5
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
conidiomata: absent | present
conidia: cylindrical
[co] length [µm]: (low) 5.5 (high) 5.8
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: 2'-O-methylphysodic acid | atranorin | chloroatranorin | physodalic acid | physodic acid | protocetraric acid | 3-hydroxyphysodic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


© 2001–2019 by Botanische Staatssammlung M√ľnchen
Impressum · Disclaimer · Webmaster