LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 2391

Hypogymnia metaphysodes (Asahina) Rass.

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic
substrate: wood – dead, living | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
[th] upper surface: grey(ish) | green(ish) grey
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 1.0 (high) 2.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): distantly discontiguous
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane
[th] morphol substructures (eg lobes, branches): subdichotomous
[th] lower surface: black(ish)
[th lower surface] specific structures: absent
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma: subpedicellate, substipitate, subpedunculate, substalked
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: concave
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: yellow(ish) brown
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose
[ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: grey(ish) | green(ish) grey
[ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: present | abundant
[ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: hyaline, colourless
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
[ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: yellow(ish) brown | red(dish) brown (pale: orange brown)
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] shape: ovoid, ovate
[asp] length [µm]: (median) 6.0
[asp] width [µm]: (median) 4.0
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: atranorin | chloroatranorin | physodic acid | 3-hydroxyphysodic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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