LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 1920

Diploschistes scruposus (Schreb.) Norman

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Antarctic – Antarctica | Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Oceania – Australasia | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Americas – South and Central America | Eurasia – Asia Tropical | Arctic
substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified
thallus: cracked, fissured, fractured, rimose | compartimentized – areolate, squamulate
[th] upper surface: grey(ish) | green(ish) grey | brown(ish) grey | white(ish) grey
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.4 (high) 1.5
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): distantly discontiguous
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | verrucose, warted
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (min) 2.0
ascoma: sessile, superficial
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: strongly concave, excavate, urceolate | concave
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: black(ish)
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: pruinose
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium pruina: scarce, sparse, fine
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: unitunicate
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): absent
ascospores: (min) 4.0 (low) 6.0 (high) 8.0
[asp] shape: broadly ellipsoidal | ellipsoidal
[asp] length [µm]: (min) 21.0 (low) 24.0 (high) 36.0 (max) 45.0
[asp] width [µm]: (min) 9.0 (low) 12.0 (high) 18.0 (max) 21.0
[asp] septa: present
[asp] septa: muriformly septate – muriform, submuriform
[asp] transversal septa: (low) 4.0 (high) 7.0
[asp] pigmentation: medium brown, brownish
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
conidiomata: absent | present
conidia: cylindrical
[co] length [µm]: (low) 4.0 (high) 6.0
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: diploschistesic acid | lecanoric acid | orsellinic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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