LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 192

Arctoparmelia separata (Th. Fr.) Hale

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic
substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse
[th] upper surface: green(ish) yellow
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.3 (high) 2.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | rugose, plicate, folded, pustulate, faveolate, wrinkled
[th] lower surface: grey(ish) | red(dish) black
[th lower surface] specific structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (min) 8.0
ascoma: subsessile, subimmersed, adnate, semi-immersed, emergent | sessile, superficial | subpedicellate, substipitate, subpedunculate, substalked
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: concave
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] length [µm]: (low) 10.0 (high) 12.5
[asp] width [µm]: (low) 4.5 (high) 6.5
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: α-collatolic acid | alectoronic acid | atranorin | chloroatranorin | usnic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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