LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 191

Arctoparmelia incurva (Pers.) Hale

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic
substrate: wood – dead, living | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse
[th] upper surface: green(ish) grey | yellow(ish) grey
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present
[th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: present
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.6 (high) 3.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): distantly discontiguous
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | rugulose, finely wrinkled | cracked, fissured, fractured, rimulose, subrimose
[th] morphol substructures (eg lobes, branches): irregular
[th] lower surface: black(ish) | grey(ish)
[th lower surface] specific structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] shape: ellipsoidal
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: α-collatolic acid | alectoronic acid | atranorin | chloroatranorin | protocetraric acid | usnic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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