LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 1556

Cladonia ramulosa (With.) J. R. Laundon

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Oceania – Australasia | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Americas – South and Central America | Eurasia – Asia Tropical | Arctic
substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | wood – dead, living | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: squamulose (squamulous) | fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like
[th] upper surface: green(ish) grey | brown(ish) grey | green(ish) brown (olive brown)
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent | present
[th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent | present
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.3 (high) 0.8 (max) 4.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | granulose, granular | verruculose, minutely warted | verrucose, warted
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (low) 1.0 (high) 4.0
ascoma: pedicellate, stipitate, pedunculate, stalked
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: with amyloid tube, ring (= Collema-, Micarea-, Porpidia-, Psora-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] shape: fusiform
[asp] length [µm]: (low) 15.0 (high) 17.0
[asp] width [µm]: (low) 2.5 (high) 3.5
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
conidiomata: absent | present
conidia: falcate
[co] length [µm]: (median) 7.0
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: confumarprotocetraric acid | fumarprotocetraric acid | homosekikaic acid | protocetraric acid | sekikaic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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