LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 1498

Cladonia macroceras (Delise) Hav.

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic
substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified | fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like
[th] upper surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | green(ish) brown (olive brown)
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 2.0 (high) 4.0 (max) 7.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: squamulose | rugose, plicate, folded, pustulate, faveolate, wrinkled
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma: pedicellate, stipitate, pedunculate, stalked
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: with amyloid tube, ring (= Collema-, Micarea-, Porpidia-, Psora-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: atranorin | fumarprotocetraric acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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