LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 13990

Xanthoria fulva (Hoffm.) Poelt & Petut.

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico)
substrate: wood – dead, living | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
[th] upper surface: yellow(ish) (if dull: buff) | red(dish) yellow (orange, orange yellow) | yellow(ish) red (orange red) | brown(ish) red (carneous)
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent | present
[th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: present
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (min) 0.2 (low) 0.3 (high) 0.6 (max) 0.8
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane
[th] lower surface: white(ish)
[th lower surface] specific structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.7(median) 1.5 (high) 3.6
ascoma: sessile, superficial
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: concave | plane, flat, flattened, expanded
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: red(dish) yellow (orange, orange yellow)
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose
[ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: red(dish) yellow (orange, orange yellow)
[ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | hyaline, colourless
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
[ascm] paraphyses/-oid cells width [µm]: (low) 1.5 (high) 2.5
[ascm] paraphyses/-oid apical cells width [µm]: (low) 4.0 (high) 6.0
[ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: entirely amyloid (= Catillaria-, Teloschistes-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] shape: ellipsoidal
[asp] length [µm]: (min) 11.0 (low) 12.8(median) 15.2 (high) 17.8 (max) 20.0
[asp] width [µm]: (min) 5.0 (low) 5.7(median) 6.2 (high) 7.1 (max) 10.5
[asp] septa: absent | present – spore lumen bilocular, polarilocular, plurilocular
[asp] septa: transversely septate
[asp] transversal septa: (median) 1.0
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
conidiomata: absent | present
conidia: bacilliform, bacillar
[co] length [µm]: (min) 3.0 (low) 3.2(median) 3.6 (high) 4.0 (max) 4.5
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: emodin | fallacinal | parietin | parietinic acid | teloschistin | unknown/unidentified anthraquinone(s)
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


© 2001–2019 by Botanische Staatssammlung M√ľnchen
Impressum · Disclaimer · Webmaster