LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 11166

Parmotrema hypermaculatum Marcelli, Benatti & Elix

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Americas – South and Central America
substrate: rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
[th] upper surface: grey(ish)
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present
[th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: present
[th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent
[th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (min) 2.0 (low) 4.0 (high) 11.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | maculate | cracked, fissured, fractured, rimulose, subrimose
[th] lower surface: black(ish)
[th lower surface] specific structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple | furcately branched, furcate, forked | irregularly branched, irregular
ascomata: present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.5 (high) 7.6
ascoma: subpedicellate, substipitate, subpedunculate, substalked
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
[ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] shape: ellipsoidal
[asp] length [µm]: (low) 10.0 (high) 14.0
[asp] width [µm]: (low) 6.5 (high) 9.0
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent | thin, thinly halonate
conidiomata: absent | present
conidia: filiform, vermiform
[co] length [µm]: (min) 7.0 (low) 9.0 (high) 14.0
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: atranorin | chloroatranorin | consalazinic acid | protocetraric acid | salazinic acid
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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