LiasLight

LIAS light – Item Descriptions


LIASlight ItemID: 5151

Punctelia appalachensis (W. L. Culb.) Krog

Characters[*]:Character States[*]:
global occurrence: Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Americas – South and Central America
substrate: bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs
life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts)
thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like
thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse
[th] upper surface: green(ish) grey | white(ish) grey
[th upper surface]: epruinose
[th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 4.0 (high) 8.0
[th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | rugose, plicate, folded, pustulate, faveolate, wrinkled
[th] lower surface: black(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon)
[th lower surface] specific structures: present
[th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present
ascomata: absent | present
ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial
ascoma [mm]: (low) 2.0 (high) 5.0
[ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present
asci: lecanoralean
[asc] tholus: thickened
[asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present
[asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc)
ascospores: (median) 8.0
[asp] length [µm]: (low) 13.0 (high) 16.0
[asp] width [µm]: (low) 7.0 (high) 10.0
[asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular
[asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless
[asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent
conidiomata: absent | present
conidia: cylindrical
[co] length [µm]: (median) 5.0
secondary metabolites: present
secondary metabolites: allo-protolichesterinic acid | atranorin | chloroatranorin | lichesterinic acid | unknown/unidentified fatty acid(s)
primary photobiont: present
secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent
primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid

[*] Not all (synonymous, equivalent or similar) terms being provided in parallel for a character or character state (e.g. 'endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed') need to be valid for the taxon under concern.


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